Gujarat Solar Power Policy 2015

Gujarat came up with its new solar power policy on 13th August 2015, which would be operative up to March 31, 2020. This new policy intends to facilitate and promote large scale promotion of the solar power generation capacities in the state and the interests of all the investors, developers, consumers and various other stakeholders.

The main features of the Policy are as follows:

-The minimum size of a MW scale project shall be 1 MW and 1 Kw for KW scale projects.

-Any company or group of individuals shall be eligible for setting up a solar generating plant, irrespective of whether they or not fall under REC mechanism in accordance with Electricity Act 2003.

-There are project based provisions and incentives provided for Rooftop solar PV systems with net metering depending on the type of consumers. The same are listed in the table below (Click on the table for a larger view) :

The state is blessed with several natural resources of energy that augments its renewable energy growth. Through its proactive planning on capacity addition front it has successfully managed to eliminate the demand supply deficit. In sync with the solar power policy the Government has also launched the Industrial Policy 2015, through which Government would encourage private participation in all energy generation to meet the growing demands in the state.

The Gujarat power policy document can be accessed here.

The CEA installation and operations of meters regulation 2014 can be accessed  here.

The Industrial Policy document can be accessed here.


August trading session saw a stagnant response from the Non-Solar demand side. However the Solar RECs saw a huge recovery from rise in demand during trading session. A sum total of 149,209 RECs were redeemed in this session, compared to 173,223 in July. Demand took a fall of approx. 14 % w.r.t July.

Analysis of Trading:-

Non Solar – Clearing ratio in exchange were at 0.92% and 0.75% in IEX and PXIL respectively for Non Solar RECs. A total of 107,281 RECs were redeemed in this trading session. There was a fall of approx. 30 % in the current trading session w.r.t to July.

 Solar – Clearing ratio stood at 1.52% and 1.86% in IEX and PXIL respectively. Solar RECs rose staggeringly from 17,952 in July to 41,928 this trading session, a rise of 133%. This was good signs for solar, as it has recovered again from major fall last MONTH,

Over the longer term, increasing focus on RPO both from the courts and from regulators is expected to increase demand. Over the last several months many developments have taken place, including the draft Electricity Act, orders from the ApTel and from the Supreme Court. The most recent development was the release of the draft of Renewable Energy Act 2015. An analysis of the Act can here

Wind & Solar Forecasting & Scheduling Regulations 2015

To overcome the difficulties related with managing the infirm wind and solar power, the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission introduced the provisions for wind/solar power forecasting under the Indian Electricity Grid Code in May 2010. The mechanism was promoted as the Renewable Regulatory Fund (RRF) mechanism. The mechanism was originally intended to be implemented by January 2011, which got four extensions (Jan’12, Jul’12, Feb’13, July’13) before it could get even started.

The mechanism finally got implemented from 15th July, 2013 and subsequently got caught under the litigations as the Wind Associations challenged the decision of CERC to implement such regulations for wind power plants connected under the intra-state networks. Finally, the commercial settlement related with the mechanism finally went to temporary suspension mode in Feb’14.

The mechanism also attracted lot of resistance from various stakeholders due to the reasons represented in the block diagram below.

CERC Forecasting and Scheduling Regulations 2015

The CERC, on 05th April 2015 proposed new framework for the Forecasting, Scheduling and imbalance handling of Wind and Solar Energy generating projects at inter-state level, and finalized the same through notification on 7th August, 2015, to make major amendments to the Deviation Settlement Regulations (DSM) Regulation 2014 and the IEGC Regulation 2010. The highlights of the same are given below:

Error calculation methodology:

The error calculation methodology used earlier and the proposed one are compared below:

The penalty mechanism as per the new regulation is as follows:

  • For single PPA agreements, the fixed rate shall be the PPA rate between the generator and buyer, and in case of multiple PPA’s, the weighted average shall be taken.
  • For Open Access transactions for RE, where consumer is not claiming RPO, or in case of captive power, the fixed rate shall be the APPC rate at the national level.

The existing wind capacity of 23.7 GW[1], most of which comes under the control area of the state, whereas in case of solar, approximately 200 MW odd capacity out of 4 GW[2] comes under the control area of RLDCs. With the central government thrust on large additions year-on-year, in future, large inter-state projects will come under purview of the new inter-state forecasting regulation. However, the regulation for accommodating the capacity connected with the state control area can be expected to be announced soon as the CERC in its closing remarks of the final regulation has expressed the desire for the same.

We are expecting the Intra-state regulation to come soon, along with the implication of the commercial settlement. With the implementation of the Inter-state regulation becoming applicable from 1st November 2015, and possibly, the soon to come Intra-state regulation, it is a huge task at hand for all stakeholders, especially for those generators for whom forecasting and scheduling will be something new to oblige to, when the new regulations are implemented. It also calls for more efficient approach in terms of huge data management schema, automation of operations, forecasting techniques and error handling & response.

As an experienced Co-ordinating agency we have geared up to the new regulations in all way possible, and would like to deliver our value oriented in-house services as per expectations of stakeholders, and even beyond.

The IEGC Amendment can be accessed here.

The DSM Regulation can be read here.

The Statement of Reasons from CERC can be understood here.

[1] As per MNRE data on 30.06.2015

[2] As per MNRE data on 30.06.2015

KERC Determines tariff for Grid Interactive Megawatt scale Solar Power Plants

The Commission, in its Order dated 1st January, 2015 on BESCOM’s Review Petition noted that there was substantial reduction in the capital cost of grid connected solar power plants.

Therefore, it examined the need to curtail the present control period and re-determine the tariff in separate proceedings, in the midcourse. The Commission, in modification of its Order dated 10th October, 2013, decided that the norms and tariff determined in this Order shall be applicable to all new grid connected MW scale solar PV and solar thermal power plants, entering into Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) on or after 1st September, 2015 to 31st March, 2018.

For determining the tariff of the same, comments/suggestion of the stakeholders on the capital cost, operational and financial parameters were invited. The table below depicts the proposed capital costs for solar PV projects and solar thermal projects before and after the midcourse re-determination of tariff.

Based on the comments and suggestions received from various stakeholders on the abstract of the parameters considered for determination of the tariff, the commission approved the following tariff on 30th July 2015 which differs from the earlier determined tariff.

The final commission order can be read here.

KERC Imposes RPO on captive co-generating plants

Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC) after deliberating on Aptel order dated 26th April 2010, decided not to impose RPO on any person consuming electricity from Co-generation power plants on its order dated 8th May 2013. Subsequently similar matter was challenged before the Honorable Supreme Court  where the Supreme Court passed an order  upholding the regulations regarding imposing obligations upon captive consumers on 13th  May 2015.

In the light of Supreme Court order, KERC thus decided to recall its order dated 8th May 2013, with immediate effect and made RPO obligation applicable on captive co-gen power plants. Hence all the captive co-gen power plants will have to meet their RPO obligations which will help in promoting the REC mechanism in the state of Karnataka.

The relevant order can be accessed here.

MERC extends period of applicability of RE Tariff

The Commission had issued a Suo Moto Order on 7 July, 2014 in determining the Generic Tariff for RE technologies for the fifth year of the Control Period, i.e. FY 2014-15. The control period of RE Tariff regulations 2010, elapsed on 31st March 2015 and so the commission extended its period of applicability till 31 July, 2015. Since the regulatory process for revising RE Tariff Regulations for the next Control Period has not been completed yet, the Commission has further extended the applicability of its order till 31 October, 2015 or issue of new RE Tariff order whichever is earlier.

The relevant order can be accessed here.

Maharashtra: RPO Compliance and target for 2015-16

The Maharashtra Energy Development Authority submitted the RPO settlement data for MSEDCL on 14th September, 2014. There have been major shortfalls in meeting RPO targets. As for the total RPO targets set, a comparison below shows that MEDA had exceeded the NAPCC expectations in RPO for states.

The status of achievement of RPO targets by MSEDCL, based on the revised details provided by MEDA, MSEDCL and MSLDC for FY 2010-11 to FY 2013-14 are depicted in the graphs below.

Regarding Solar RPO targets, the Commission has allowed MSEDCL to cumulatively fulfil its Solar RPO targets by FY 2015-16. The Commission observed that MSEDCL has shortfall of 684.89 MU for FY 2012-13 in meeting their Non-Solar RPO targets. After considering the surplus of 386.52 MU of previous years, there is still a shortfall of 298.37 MU in FY 2012-13. Thus MSEDCL was allowed to meet its Non-Solar RPO shortfall of 298.37 MU for FY 2012-13 in FY 2013-14 on cumulative basis. The shortfall in Hydro should also be fulfilled by 2015-16.

MSEDCL was directed by commission to constitute a separate ‘RPO Regulatory Charges Fund’, to purchase Solar and Non-Solar RECs and/or to procure power, to meet the shortfall against RPO targets by the end of March, 2016.

The relevant order can be accessed here.


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