OPEN-ACCESS

Blog by Team REConnect

APTEL directs NLDC to issue RECs from COD

Appellate Tribunal of Electricity (APTEL) in its order dated 28.11.2014, has directed NLDC to issue Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from the date of commercial operation (COD).

As per the recent CERC amendment dated 10.07.2013 to REC Regulation, which specifies that the renewable generating plant would be eligible for issuance of RECs from COD or from the date of registration whichever is later. The said amendment is as follows:

“10 (1) After registration, the renewable energy generation plant shall be eligible for issuance of Certificates under these Regulations from the date of commercial operation or from the date of registration of such plant by the Central Agency whichever is later.”

However, the main regulation also quotes:

“7 (1) The eligible entities shall apply to the Central Agency for Certificates within three months after corresponding generation from eligible renewable energy projects.”

The language used is ‘eligible entities’ and not ‘registered entities’. Irrespective of the date of registration, an eligible entity is entitled to apply for RECs within three months from the date of commissioning and generation of electricity as Regulation 7 (1) has not been made subject to Regulation 5 (1) of the REC Regulations which describes only the eligibility and registration for certificates.

A perusal of the above regulation does not show that there is limit to RECs being issued against generation only after the date of registration since the registration process is merely procedural with a view to verify and confirm that the substantive conditions under the REC Regulations have been fulfilled. But, fulfillment is not from the date of registration, but from when the generation of electricity commences.

The APTEL has held that the regulations has to be interpreted and applied in the light of the object to promote the renewable generators and not in a restrictive manner to deprive the generators of any benefit that may be available to them.

As a result, the APTEL has said that Appellants would be entitled to the REC for the electricity generated from COD and the same ought not to be postponed to the generation after completion of the procedural formalities of registration.

The order may only have a small positive impact in number of RECs issued, and issuance of RECs will not be affected by delays in registration process by SNAs.

The order can be accessed here.

Contributed by Venkataramana Mutharasu

APERC Proposes Draft Amendment for RPO Regulation

Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (APERC), joint commission for the Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, has proposed separate drafts for the amendment in its Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) Regulation 2012, for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

The summary of the proposed amendments for the both the states is as below:

  1. According to the proposed draft, the commission proposed to remove the .25% solar purchase obligation for distribution licensee & captive generating plants out of the total of 5% RPO, and has proposed that RPO shall be fulfilled by purchase of any renewable source of energy.
  2. The commission has proposed that the Lapsed Banked Energy (Renewable) as according to Open Access regulation 2006 shall be considered towards the RPO of the distribution licensee.
  3. Consumption from captive co-generation power plant, is exempted for levy of RPO.

The commission has also proposed changes in eligibility of and registration for REC’s, which are highlighted below –

  1. The power generating plant shall be of 1 MW and above capacity for obtaining accreditation from the state agency.
  2. A roof top or ground mounted solar power plant of 100 kW and above, shall be eligible for obtaining RECs for the entire generation from such plant.
  3. The entire electricity generated from Captive Power Plant & Co-Generation Plants based on Renewable Sources of Energy, including self-consumption shall be eligible for issue of REC’s.
  4. In case of pre-mature termination of the power purchase agreement (PPA) with a consumer or DISCOM, a generator will not be eligible for REC’s for three years, starting from the date of termination of the agreement.

The proposed draft will directly affect the solar power generators as the Solar RPO has been merged with Non-solar RPO in the state. In our opinion, since the floor price of solar REC’s are much higher, the obligated entities will not purchase solar REC at all.

In contrast to Tamil Nadu, which has moved to Supreme Court, with a clear objective of implementing Solar Purchase Obligation (SPO) of 6% in the state, APERC does not seem to be in favour of incentivising solar power by having separate RPO status for solar in the two states. In addition to this, the cap of 1 MW on Non-Solar and 100 KW on Solar projects, will only deter smaller projects from coming up in future.

The commission through separate Public notices for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, has invited the comments and suggestions by 08th September 2014.

The Draft Proposed for Andhra Pradesh can be accessed here

The Draft Proposed for Telangana can be accessed here

Contributed by Dheeraj Babariya

 

Kerala Finalizes Solar Rooftop Policy

Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission (KSERC) through an order on 10th June 2014, has finalized its policy for solar rooftop systems. The policy is named Grid Interactive Distributed Solar Energy Systems.

The policy is aimed at promoting solar power in the state by involving more generators. The policy is applicable for all the distribution licensees in the state and to all consumer availing electricity at voltage levels below 11kV, and shall come into force from the date of publication in the official gazette.

According to the regulation, any consumer may install the solar energy system owned by him or by other third party, provided that the installed energy system should fall under the rated limits, as defined under the regulation, and should comply with the systems of the distribution licensee.

The rated capacity of the installed system shall not be less than 1KWp (Kilo Watt peak) and shall not exceed 1MWp (Mega Watt peak).

The output of the solar system shall comply with provisions of the Kerala Electricity Supply Code 2014, which is defined as -

Sl. No. Type of connection Supply Voltage Output specifications
1 Low Tension Single phase 240 V 240 V, 50 Hertz
2 Low Tension Three phase 415 V 415 V, 50 Hertz
3 High Tension 11000 V 11000 V, 50 Hertz

Banking facility: The solar energy systems installed under this regulation are eligible for the banking facility and shall be done on the basis of the readings taken for the billing period applicable to him.

Metering arrangements: The net meters shall be installed at the interconnection point of the consumer with the network of the distribution licensees, and the solar meters shall be installed at the delivery point of the solar systems to measure the energy generated. The commercial settlement shall be done on the basis of readings of this meters.

The eligible consumers have the right to avail open access for wheeling the excess energy generated to one or more premises owned by him within the area of supply of the distribution licensee. Such right for wheeling access energy shall be available only if the wheeled energy to other premises exceeds 500 units in month and the consumer will be able to avail only 95% of the total energy wheeled, while remaining 5% will be adjusted towards distribution losses.

Accounting and settlement – The accounting of the energy generated, consumed and injected by the consumer shall be done on the basis of the readings taken by the meters, for the period applicable to him.

Solar RPO – The energy generated from the solar energy systems of any consumer shall be accounted towards RPO if the consumer is an obligated entity, and if not, then such energy shall be accounted towards RPO of the distribution licensee.

Banking and Cross Subsidy Charge – The eligible consumers generating solar power under this regulation, shall are exempted from banking and cross subsidy surcharge.

The details of the order can be found here

For more details on net metering, click here

 

REC Trading Report – June 2014

REC trade session for June 2014 was conducted on 25th June 2014. The following is a summary of results -

The total transactional value of non-solar RECs was INR 208.8 million and for solar RECs it was INR 15.4 million. The closing balance of REC inventory for non solar RECs breached the 7 million mark this  month whereas solar RECs crossed 0.23 million mark.

 

 

Non Solar RECs -

In case of non- solar RECs demand almost quadrupled (up by 376%) as compared to last trade session (refer  - May 2014 trade report) and Supply grew by 5.23 %. Non Solar price continued to remain at floor (INR 1,500 per REC). More insights provided in graphical charts below :

Solar RECs -

Total solar RECs issued this month was 27,787 and redeemed were 1654 only. In contrast to non-solar RECs, the demand for solar RECs took a beating as it went down by 22%. Supply rose by 11% w.r.t May 2014.  More details can be found in the graphs below -

Solar RECs finished trading at floor for consecutive 12 months.

Relevant media article can be read here.

Andhra Pradesh declares APPC for FY15

Hon’ble Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (APERC) in an order (DATED – 31 MAY 2014) has determined the APPC for FY 14-15.

The definition of the APPC being followed by APERC can be read as –

‘Pooled Cost of Power Purchase (PCPP)’ means the weighted average pooled price at which the distribution licensee has purchased electricity in the previous year from all the long-term energy suppliers excluding the purchases based on liquid fuel. Provided that the purchases from traders, short-term purchases and purchases from renewable sources shall not be taken into account while determining Pooled Cost of Power Purchase.

AP’s APPC definition is not in sync with that of CERC as it excludes power purchases from suppliers based on liquid fuel, Purchases from Traders, short term purchases and purchases from Renewable sources.

The APPC for FY 14-15 has been calculated as Rs. 3.38 per unit.

The APPC is AP has been growing steadily with a CAGR of 7.91%.

The order by APERC can be found here.

Our previous Blog posts on APPC of other states can be Read here.

Contributed by – Dheeraj Babariya

Himachal Pradesh proposes APPC for FY 2014-15

HPSEBL has filed a petition before Himachal Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (HPERC) seeking APPC determination for FY 2014-15.

The definition of APPC followed by HPERC can be read as –

The weighted average pooled price at which the Distribution Licensee has purchased the electricity including cost of self generation, if any, in the previous year from all the energy suppliers, long-term and short-term, but excluding those based on renewable energy sources, as the case may be.

HPSEB has proposed the APPC as Rs. 2.24 against the current APPC of Rs. 2.17, and has requested to approve the same APPC for FY-14-15 effective from 01 April 2014.

A copy of the proposal can be found by clicking here.

Our previous blog post on Himachal Pradesh APPC for FY 13-14 can be read here.

Blog post on all other states APPC can be read here.

Contributed by – Dheeraj Babariya

REC Trading Report – May 2014

Demand and clearing ratios touched one of the lowest points in three years.

Non-solar RECs:

Demand in May was 29,255, compared to 79,354 in April (down 63% over April) and down 45% from May of last year. The last time demand was this low was in August 2011. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were approximately 0.45%. Closing inventory of RECs is in excess of 69.5 lakh.

Solar RECs: Demand improved marginally from 989 RECs last month to 2,120 RECs. As a result, clearing ratios improved as well – 0.26% in IEX and 4.8% on PXIL, albeit on very low demand compared to existing inventory. Inventory currently stands at over 2.1 lakh RECs.

The low demand is continuing despite penalty orders in Uttarakhand and Union Territories. It will be interesting to watch the approach that the regulators take in the next few months if the non-compliance continues despite orders from them.

To get details about previous months trading session – Click Here.

Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.

REConnect Newsletter Volume 41 – OPEN ACCESS

Dear Reader,

We are pleased to present Open Access Vol. 41 – our monthly newsletter covering RECs and regulatory – market developments in the renewable energy space.

Key points covered in this newsletter are:

1) Our analysis on the likelihood of RPO enforcement in FY 2014-15.

2) Regulatory updates including KERC’s final APPC for FY14 & FY15 (interim) & JSERC order on declaration of Bokaro Steel Plant’s CPP as Cogeneration unit.

3) Analysis of the most recent trading session of RECs and capacities in the REC mechanism.

The newsletter is attached with this email and also can be found on our webpage - http://www.reconnectenergy.com/newsletter/past-newsletters/

We hope that you find the newsletter a useful read. Do provide us feedback.

Regards,

- Team REConnect

Delhi discoms request to waive RPO of FY13

Delhi discoms have requested to DERC, to waive RPO targets of FY13. This request was put forward by discoms in their respective ARR petitions for FY15. The discoms contend that RPO regulations were introduced in Delhi only in October 2012 and as such there was little time in that year to meet the targets. The request can be read as (Petitioner – Delhi discom)-

“In this regard the Petitioner would like to submit that since the Regulations were issued in the mid of FY 2012-13 and the Renewable Energy Generation in Delhi was not fully developed, it was not possible to meet the RPO Targets during FY 2012-13. The Petitioner appreciates the fact that the energy generation through Renewable Energy Sources is required to be promoted by achieving the RPO Targets but at the same time the Renewable Energy Sector is also required to be developed in Delhi for fulfilment of RPO. The Petitioner has invited competitive bids for procurement of Renewable Power for both Solar and Non-Solar plants. The details about the bidding process and shortlisted bidders have already been submitted to the Hon’ble Commission. The Hon’ble Commission would appreciate the fact that RE Generation in Delhi is at nascent stage and will gradually develop in the coming years. The Petitioner in the meeting with the Hon’ble Commission held on October 9, 2012 also highlighted the difficulty in mobilising resources to meet the RPO announced by the Hon’ble Commission.”

Delhi discoms BYPL and BRPL mde reference to MERC’s order dated 7th August 2009, where the RPO targets from FY08 to FY10 were exempted due to shortfall in projected RE capacity addition.

While it is left on DERC to decide on this matter, any decision in favour of the request would further dent the ongoing positive enforcement efforts in other states.

The ARR petitions are available on DERC’s website.

Our recent blog-post highlighting projections by discoms for meeting RPO of Fy15 can be read here.

Relevant media article – Times of India.

REC Trade Report – April 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 30th April 2014.

Following is a brief of the analysis:

April 2014 was the first month of compliance year FY 2014-15. As expected, the volumes in non-solar and solar REC markets nosedived as compared to last months trading session (Refer - Blog – post on  March 2014 REC Trade).  The REC inventory’s closing balance stood at a mammoth 6.6 million RECs. The total RECs redeemed in April 14 were 80,343 RECs only. The RECs issued this month was again a 7digit number – about 1.1 million RECs. Cumulatively, March’14  and April’14 alone added over 3 million RECs, which is 23% of the total RECs issued till date.  This escalation in supply side and almost no demand side participation sums the state of current Indian REC market place.

Non-Solar RECs

Demand dropped by 88% and supply was up by 3.2% w.r.t March’ 14. Price of non-solar RECs remained at floor price – INR 1,500 per REC. Total non-solar redeemed were 79,354 (as per REC registry).

Solar RECs –

Price of solar REC continued to trade at floor (INR 9,300 per REC) for a consecutive 11th month. Demand fell to less than 1,000 and supply rose by 22%. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were close to half percent (0.5%) only. As per registry, solar RECs redeemed in April14 was 989.

For more details please refer table below – Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.