REC TRADE RESULTS JANUARY 2016

RECs demand had been steadily rising in the past few months, but this month’s trading saw a signficant drop in trading volume as compared to last month. Non Solar REC’s and Solar REC’s traded this month were 61.6% lower and 6.79% lower respectively, compared to trading session of December 2015. The total transaction value of REC’s hit a sum total of Rs 71.77 crore, compared to Rs. 156 crore last month.

The reason in drop in trading volume are two fold – a) Previous month trading volumes were higher than normal driven by a specific order of RERC for compliance and b) the Republic Day holiday on Tuesday (also a banking holiday) presented a logistics hurdle for some obligated entities to trade.

Trading volumes are expected to increase significantly going forward, as most obligated entities are now gearing up to fulfill their obligation considering that only 2 trading sessions are remaining in the current FY. Last quarter of previous FY saw RECs trading volume of 20.85L. We should expect a significant increase over that this FY – this means we will see significant volumes in February and March.

Analysis of Trading:

Non Solar – Clearing ratio in exchange were at 2.16% and 3.12% in IEX and PXIL respectively for Non Solar REC’s. A total of 344,519 were traded as compared to 898,439 RECs were traded in DecemberClearing ratio at PXIL saw a jump, but IEX results showed huge dip in demand. Overall Non-Solar demand was below expectation

Solar – Clearing ratio stood good at 1.65% and 2.34% in IEX and PXIL respectively. However, the total clearing volume fell to 57,420, as compared to 61,602 last month. This was a marginal fall, but since we are approaching FY end, much better results were awaited.

 

Trading volumes are expected to increase significantly going forward, as most obligated entities are now gearing up to fulfill their obligation considering that only 2 trading sessions are remaining in the current FY . Further, this year we have seen regulatory action in the form of compliance orders and/ or proceedings in several states like Orissa, Kerala, UP, MP and Maharashtra, to name a few. This trading session result calls for stricter enforcement by states, since the next two months will be very crucial for the future of the REC Market.

 

The December’s trade result can be accessed here.

REC Trade Results October 2015

The demand response for REC’s saw good momentum in the October’s trading session. The total no. of Non Solar REC’s and Solar REC’s traded in this month were 13% and 28% higher than the trading session of September. The total transaction value of REC’s hit a sum total of 365 Million INR with over 2.25 Lacs RECs sold this session.

Analysis of Trading:

Non Solar – The clearing ratio stood at 0.94% and 2.24% in IEX and PXIL respectively for Non Solar REC’s. A total of 211442 RECs were redeemed in this trading session which was 13.16% higher than the REC’s sold in the previous month i.e 183599 Non Solar REC’sDemand at PXIL picked up significantly compared to previous months.                                                                   

Solar – The clearing ratio for Solar stood at 0.54% and 0.33% in IEX and PXIL respectively. A total of 13851 REC’s were sold in this session which was 27.65 % higher than the REC’s sold in September  i.e 10020 Solar REC’s.

The surge in the REC’s demand clearly indicates the increase of focus on the RPO regulations from both the obligators and the regulators.  As many states in the recent past, via orders, have strictly stated that the obligated entities will have to comply with the RPO targets, it is expected that the REC demand will pick up pace in the near future.

The September’s trade result can be accessed here.

REC Trading Report – June 2014

REC trade session for June 2014 was conducted on 25th June 2014. The following is a summary of results -

The total transactional value of non-solar RECs was INR 208.8 million and for solar RECs it was INR 15.4 million. The closing balance of REC inventory for non solar RECs breached the 7 million mark this  month whereas solar RECs crossed 0.23 million mark.

 

 

Non Solar RECs -

In case of non- solar RECs demand almost quadrupled (up by 376%) as compared to last trade session (refer  - May 2014 trade report) and Supply grew by 5.23 %. Non Solar price continued to remain at floor (INR 1,500 per REC). More insights provided in graphical charts below :

Solar RECs -

Total solar RECs issued this month was 27,787 and redeemed were 1654 only. In contrast to non-solar RECs, the demand for solar RECs took a beating as it went down by 22%. Supply rose by 11% w.r.t May 2014.  More details can be found in the graphs below -

Solar RECs finished trading at floor for consecutive 12 months.

Relevant media article can be read here.

REC Trading Report – May 2014

Demand and clearing ratios touched one of the lowest points in three years.

Non-solar RECs:

Demand in May was 29,255, compared to 79,354 in April (down 63% over April) and down 45% from May of last year. The last time demand was this low was in August 2011. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were approximately 0.45%. Closing inventory of RECs is in excess of 69.5 lakh.

Solar RECs: Demand improved marginally from 989 RECs last month to 2,120 RECs. As a result, clearing ratios improved as well – 0.26% in IEX and 4.8% on PXIL, albeit on very low demand compared to existing inventory. Inventory currently stands at over 2.1 lakh RECs.

The low demand is continuing despite penalty orders in Uttarakhand and Union Territories. It will be interesting to watch the approach that the regulators take in the next few months if the non-compliance continues despite orders from them.

To get details about previous months trading session – Click Here.

Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.

REC Trade Report – April 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 30th April 2014.

Following is a brief of the analysis:

April 2014 was the first month of compliance year FY 2014-15. As expected, the volumes in non-solar and solar REC markets nosedived as compared to last months trading session (Refer - Blog – post on  March 2014 REC Trade).  The REC inventory’s closing balance stood at a mammoth 6.6 million RECs. The total RECs redeemed in April 14 were 80,343 RECs only. The RECs issued this month was again a 7digit number – about 1.1 million RECs. Cumulatively, March’14  and April’14 alone added over 3 million RECs, which is 23% of the total RECs issued till date.  This escalation in supply side and almost no demand side participation sums the state of current Indian REC market place.

Non-Solar RECs

Demand dropped by 88% and supply was up by 3.2% w.r.t March’ 14. Price of non-solar RECs remained at floor price – INR 1,500 per REC. Total non-solar redeemed were 79,354 (as per REC registry).

Solar RECs –

Price of solar REC continued to trade at floor (INR 9,300 per REC) for a consecutive 11th month. Demand fell to less than 1,000 and supply rose by 22%. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were close to half percent (0.5%) only. As per registry, solar RECs redeemed in April14 was 989.

For more details please refer table below – Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.

 

REC Trade Report – March 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 26th March 2014. Following is a brief of the analysis:

With this trade session, a 12-month long financial year FY 2013-14 comes to an end. The prices for both credits (solar as well as non-solar) remained at floor for most part of the year.  Poor enforcement measures of RPO across states saw a continuous lack of demand in the market.

Close to 17.5 lac RECs were issued in March’14 itself, which is a huge 15 % (approx.) of the total RECs issued till date in India (since March 2011) . This can be attributed to issuances of RECs w.r.t sugar co-gen units in Uttar Pradesh.

A strong policy review is the need of the hour. It is likely and should be expected, that the forum of regulators (FOR) takes up this issue for discussions during the forthcoming 40th meeting scheduled on 2nd April 2014.

Non Solar RECs -

Non Solar REC Supply grew by around 22%. Demand also went up by a massive 74%, owing to March being last month of FY14 (and not due to strong RPO enforcement). Evidently, clearing volume also touched a new high of around 6.5 lac RECs.

Non-Solar REC Price continued to trade at floor price of Rs. 1500 per REC.

Solar RECs -

In case of solar RECs also all volumes had an uptick. Supply was up by 13.22.6 % and demand by 32.63 %. The total clearing volume of solar RECs at both exchanges was 11,019 RECs.

As per REC registry, 24370 solar RECs were issued in March 2014.

Unlike in non-solar REC markets, the solar RECs started trading at floor, only from June 2013. The discovered price of solar RECs remained at floor – Rs. 9300 per REC.

Keeping in view the overall market performance, it can be said that the time ahead for investors in solar REC markets remains grim.

For a similar blog-post covering analysis on previous months trade session – click here.

A quick glimpse of trade stats can be had on our Market Tracker.

REC Trade Report – February 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 26th February 2014. Following is a brief of the analysis:

February 2014 was the second last trade session of Q4 for FY14. Clearing Ratios improved for both exchanges  (IEX and PXIL) and was recorded just over 8% in terms of non-solar RECs.. As per REC Registry, the market redeemed a total of 3.87 lakh RECs (up by 6 % as compared to last month).

Non-Solar RECs:

Buy bids for non-solar credits rose by 5.5 percent in comparison to last month’s stats. Clearing percentages at both exchanges were at parity. The total transactional value of non-solar RECs was 568 million INR, with price of each non-solar REC remaining at floor (Rs. 1500 per Non Solar REC). REC registry noted a total non-solar RECs redeemed to be around 3.78 lac.

Solar RECs:

Demand of solar RECs jumped by an encouraging 30.58 percent compared to January 2014 trade session. Solar RECs continued to trade at floor price (Rs. 9300 per solar REC). Evidently total solar REC transactional value was also recorded low at about 77.2 million INR. As per REC registry,  8308 solar RECs were redeemed.

For a similar blogpost covering analysis on previous months trade session – click here.

REC Trade Report – January 2014

January 2014 marks first month of Q4 for FY14. Overall the clearing volumes for both type of RECs were marginally less than previous month. As per REC Registry, the market redeemed a total of 3.65 lakh RECs.

Non-Solar RECs :

Buy bids for non-solar credits went down by 11 percent in comparison to last month’s stats.. Clearing percentages at both exchanges largely varied. The total transactional value of non-solar RECs was 538 million INR, with price of each non-solar REC remaining at floor (Rs. 1500 per Non Solar REC).

Solar RECs:

Demand of solar RECs tumbled by 19 percent compared to December 2013 trade session. Solar RECs continued to trade at floor price (Rs. 9300 per solar REC). Evidently total solar REC transactional value was also recorded low at about 59.2 million INR. As per REC registry, only 6361 solar RECs were redeemed. With only two months remaining in current financial year, market rebounding to encouraging figures seems far from reality.

For a similar blogpost covering analysis on previous months trade session – click here

 

REC Trade Report – December 2013

December 2013 marks the end of Q3 for FY14. Overall the results have sustained optimism as compared to the preceding trading month. With last three months still remaining in this year and chances of higher buyer-side participation in the subsequent sessions, we expect REC markets to reverse its fading lustre considerably. As per REC Registry, the market crossed 0.4 million mark in terms of REC redeemed. This volume (4,11,744 RECs) traded in a single session is the highest redeemed volume of this fiscal and more importantly marginally matches the volume of March 2013 (last month of FY13). A more detailed analysis for each kind of RECs can be read as under:

Non-Solar RECs :

Buy bids for non-solar credits increased by 30.73 percent in comparison to last month’s stats. The most encouraging fact, considering a holistic view of FY14, was the cleared volume crossing the 0.4 million mark. Clearing percentages at both exchanges (IEX and PXIL) were recorded at parity (over 9%). With a total transactional value of non-solar RECs of 605.8 million INR, price of each non-solar REC remained at floor price of Rs. 1500 per REC.

Solar RECs:

The change in demand and supply as compared to previous month was up this month by 7.18 percent and 47.37 percent respectively. Although, the prices here also remained at floor we can still expect a jump in demand as we slip in the last quarter.

For previous months trade results – Click Here.

REC Trade Report – November 2013

Non-solar RECs:
November 2013 REC trading witnessed an increase in volumes. The spike in demand is a sign that RPO enforcement is taking its gradual effect and some states are ensuring buyers participation, thereby keeping the market upbeat. For non-solar RECs, the demand increased by 105% w.r.t last month. This indicates, there is increased momentum towards complying with RPO by end of FY 2013-14. With stricter RPO compliance regimes mandated in states like Punjab, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra and Union Territories (recently), clearing ratios can be expected to go up in forthcoming trading session. More insights can be drawn from fig.1.
Fig1: Non-Solar trade stats – November 2013 
Non-solar RECs – The supply this month had a flip side. It was reduced to 6.5 % (almost half) as compared last trading session. The inventory at the registry was at 45 Lac RECs owing to reduced issuance (less by 1 lac RECs as compared to last month).
Fig 2: Non-Solar Market Clearing Price – November 2013
Solar RECs:
33rd trading session offered an alarming signal to the solar REC market space. As compared to previous trading sessions, all the parameters namely demand, supply and cleared volumes plummeted. Demand for solar RECs fell by 20.56 % and at the same time, supply was down by 9.71 %. As per a recent report by CEA, as on 31.07.2013, solar generation capacity (above 1 MW) was only 6.79%  (1650 MW) in RE rich states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu out of total RE capacity of 24265 MW in these states. This shows the lacklustre performance of solar industry in the country which in-turn has resulted into poor supply REC market. Only 2936 solar RECs were issued between 31.10.2013 and 28.11.2013 (Source: REC Registry).
Fig 3: Solar market trade stats – November 2013
Needless to say, the price remained at floor yet again with meagre expectations of an upside.
Fig 4: Solar Market clearing price  - November 2013
More data can be found in the table below:
 Link to October 2013 trade report – Click Here.
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