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CSERC’s order on non compliance of RPO by Discoms for the year 2011-12 & 2012-13

Chhattisgarh State Electricity Regulatory Commission (CSERC) passed an order on 15th October 2014 on non compliance of RPO by DISCOM’s of Chhattisgarh for the year 2011-12 and 2012-13.  In the order CSERC said that they will close this matter of non compliance of RPO by DISCOMs. The questions arises in the order is how, as CSERC has not mentioned about any action to be taken or any penalty to be imposed on the discoms for their non compliance. CSERC in its order have concluded that

“Our attention has been drawn towards the fact that in CSPDCL’s tariff determination, final true up for FY 2011-12 has been completed. Therefore, in our opinion, it would not be appropriate to force them for compliance of RPO for FY 2011-12 at this stage. We are also of the view, that penalizing the other respondents/DISCOM for non fulfillment of their RE obligation for year 2011-12 is unjustified”

Similar order was also given for FY 2012-13. The commission has only asked the Discoms to be more vigilant on fulfillment of RPO in the coming years.

The order can be accessed here ( FY 2011-12) and here ( FY 2012-13).

 

REC Trading Report – June 2014

REC trade session for June 2014 was conducted on 25th June 2014. The following is a summary of results -

The total transactional value of non-solar RECs was INR 208.8 million and for solar RECs it was INR 15.4 million. The closing balance of REC inventory for non solar RECs breached the 7 million mark this  month whereas solar RECs crossed 0.23 million mark.

 

 

Non Solar RECs -

In case of non- solar RECs demand almost quadrupled (up by 376%) as compared to last trade session (refer  - May 2014 trade report) and Supply grew by 5.23 %. Non Solar price continued to remain at floor (INR 1,500 per REC). More insights provided in graphical charts below :

Solar RECs -

Total solar RECs issued this month was 27,787 and redeemed were 1654 only. In contrast to non-solar RECs, the demand for solar RECs took a beating as it went down by 22%. Supply rose by 11% w.r.t May 2014.  More details can be found in the graphs below -

Solar RECs finished trading at floor for consecutive 12 months.

Relevant media article can be read here.

Madhya Pradesh determines APPC for FY15

Madhya Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (MPERC) has finally unveiled its APPC rate for financial year 2014-15. MPERC follows this definition of APPC  (which is in line with that of CERC) -

for the purpose of these regulations ‘Pooled Cost of Purchase’ means the  weighted average pooled price at which the distribution licensee has purchased the  electricity including cost of self generation, if any, in the previous year from all the energy  suppliers long-term and short-term, but excluding those based on renewable energy  sources, as the case may be.”

i.e. it excludes only renewable energy for APPC rate calculation.

Accordingly the APPC for FY15 has been determined as Rs. 2.66 per unit (up by 5.13% as compared to APPC FY14).

APPC for FY14 was Rs. 2.53 per unit.

More details can be had on Page no. 63 of this Retail Tariff Order.

REC Trading Report – May 2014

Demand and clearing ratios touched one of the lowest points in three years.

Non-solar RECs:

Demand in May was 29,255, compared to 79,354 in April (down 63% over April) and down 45% from May of last year. The last time demand was this low was in August 2011. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were approximately 0.45%. Closing inventory of RECs is in excess of 69.5 lakh.

Solar RECs: Demand improved marginally from 989 RECs last month to 2,120 RECs. As a result, clearing ratios improved as well – 0.26% in IEX and 4.8% on PXIL, albeit on very low demand compared to existing inventory. Inventory currently stands at over 2.1 lakh RECs.

The low demand is continuing despite penalty orders in Uttarakhand and Union Territories. It will be interesting to watch the approach that the regulators take in the next few months if the non-compliance continues despite orders from them.

To get details about previous months trading session – Click Here.

Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.

Delhi discoms request to waive RPO of FY13

Delhi discoms have requested to DERC, to waive RPO targets of FY13. This request was put forward by discoms in their respective ARR petitions for FY15. The discoms contend that RPO regulations were introduced in Delhi only in October 2012 and as such there was little time in that year to meet the targets. The request can be read as (Petitioner – Delhi discom)-

“In this regard the Petitioner would like to submit that since the Regulations were issued in the mid of FY 2012-13 and the Renewable Energy Generation in Delhi was not fully developed, it was not possible to meet the RPO Targets during FY 2012-13. The Petitioner appreciates the fact that the energy generation through Renewable Energy Sources is required to be promoted by achieving the RPO Targets but at the same time the Renewable Energy Sector is also required to be developed in Delhi for fulfilment of RPO. The Petitioner has invited competitive bids for procurement of Renewable Power for both Solar and Non-Solar plants. The details about the bidding process and shortlisted bidders have already been submitted to the Hon’ble Commission. The Hon’ble Commission would appreciate the fact that RE Generation in Delhi is at nascent stage and will gradually develop in the coming years. The Petitioner in the meeting with the Hon’ble Commission held on October 9, 2012 also highlighted the difficulty in mobilising resources to meet the RPO announced by the Hon’ble Commission.”

Delhi discoms BYPL and BRPL mde reference to MERC’s order dated 7th August 2009, where the RPO targets from FY08 to FY10 were exempted due to shortfall in projected RE capacity addition.

While it is left on DERC to decide on this matter, any decision in favour of the request would further dent the ongoing positive enforcement efforts in other states.

The ARR petitions are available on DERC’s website.

Our recent blog-post highlighting projections by discoms for meeting RPO of Fy15 can be read here.

Relevant media article – Times of India.

REC Trade Report – April 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 30th April 2014.

Following is a brief of the analysis:

April 2014 was the first month of compliance year FY 2014-15. As expected, the volumes in non-solar and solar REC markets nosedived as compared to last months trading session (Refer - Blog – post on  March 2014 REC Trade).  The REC inventory’s closing balance stood at a mammoth 6.6 million RECs. The total RECs redeemed in April 14 were 80,343 RECs only. The RECs issued this month was again a 7digit number – about 1.1 million RECs. Cumulatively, March’14  and April’14 alone added over 3 million RECs, which is 23% of the total RECs issued till date.  This escalation in supply side and almost no demand side participation sums the state of current Indian REC market place.

Non-Solar RECs

Demand dropped by 88% and supply was up by 3.2% w.r.t March’ 14. Price of non-solar RECs remained at floor price – INR 1,500 per REC. Total non-solar redeemed were 79,354 (as per REC registry).

Solar RECs –

Price of solar REC continued to trade at floor (INR 9,300 per REC) for a consecutive 11th month. Demand fell to less than 1,000 and supply rose by 22%. Clearing ratios at both exchanges were close to half percent (0.5%) only. As per registry, solar RECs redeemed in April14 was 989.

For more details please refer table below – Our online market tracker tool can be accessed here.

 

Karnataka APPC for FY 2014-15

Karnataka electricity regulatory commission (KERC) has finalized the average pooled purchase cost (APPC) for FY 2013-14. The finalized APPC of FY14 is Rs. 3.14 per unit, on the basis of audited accounts data furnished by ESCOMs, which is up by 7 paise. Our previous blog-post on APPC of FY14 can be read here.

In the interim, since ESCOMs will take some time in finalizing power purchase quantum and cost of FY15, the commission has set up Rs. 3.14 per unit as an interim APPC rate to be effective from 1st April 2014 to 30th June 2014. It is expected that by end of June, a new and final APPC rate for FY15 will be declared.

Karnataka, therefore becomes the first state in current FY to declare APPC for FY15. The APPC rates in Karnataka have had an increasing trend, which is good specifically for RE generators wanting to explore REC markets in the state.

A gazetted copy can be accessed here.

KERC had also invited comments and suggestions for finalization of APR Fy13 and ARR of FY15 filed by discoms and KPTCL. The public hearing was scheduled to be conducted during end of April 2014 as per notice.

 

MNRE favors REC markets for Solar Power

India’s ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) is favoring REC markets for development of solar power. Eminent members of the ministry are of the view that solar REC markets will revive soon as they expect buyers jumping in. This optimism is when physical solar power comes at a lower cost as compared to buying solar RECs (floor price – Rs. 9.3 per REC). That means, obligated entities have less motivation paying for higher solar REC cost than physically procuring it.

Also solar floor and ceiling prices have been fixed upto FY2017. The steep declining trend in cost of solar power makes it more difficult for solar REC markets and demands quick revision of these prices.

Recently Shri Upendra Tripathy who has assumed charge as Secretary of MNRE, spoke at a gathering that process is ongoing for a policy review with the FOR (forum of regulators) and CERC (Central electricity regulatory commission). Mr. Tarun Kapoor, Joint secretary MNRE has alaso asked all states to strictly meet the stipulated targets. It is being anticipated that a new policy for solar REC markets will be put in place as soon as a new government is formed at the center.

FOR has also called for engagement of consultants to review the REC mechanism completely.

Media article can be read here.

REC Trade Report – March 2014

We are pleased to bring the REC trade results and our analysis on REC trade session conducted on 26th March 2014. Following is a brief of the analysis:

With this trade session, a 12-month long financial year FY 2013-14 comes to an end. The prices for both credits (solar as well as non-solar) remained at floor for most part of the year.  Poor enforcement measures of RPO across states saw a continuous lack of demand in the market.

Close to 17.5 lac RECs were issued in March’14 itself, which is a huge 15 % (approx.) of the total RECs issued till date in India (since March 2011) . This can be attributed to issuances of RECs w.r.t sugar co-gen units in Uttar Pradesh.

A strong policy review is the need of the hour. It is likely and should be expected, that the forum of regulators (FOR) takes up this issue for discussions during the forthcoming 40th meeting scheduled on 2nd April 2014.

Non Solar RECs -

Non Solar REC Supply grew by around 22%. Demand also went up by a massive 74%, owing to March being last month of FY14 (and not due to strong RPO enforcement). Evidently, clearing volume also touched a new high of around 6.5 lac RECs.

Non-Solar REC Price continued to trade at floor price of Rs. 1500 per REC.

Solar RECs -

In case of solar RECs also all volumes had an uptick. Supply was up by 13.22.6 % and demand by 32.63 %. The total clearing volume of solar RECs at both exchanges was 11,019 RECs.

As per REC registry, 24370 solar RECs were issued in March 2014.

Unlike in non-solar REC markets, the solar RECs started trading at floor, only from June 2013. The discovered price of solar RECs remained at floor – Rs. 9300 per REC.

Keeping in view the overall market performance, it can be said that the time ahead for investors in solar REC markets remains grim.

For a similar blog-post covering analysis on previous months trade session – click here.

A quick glimpse of trade stats can be had on our Market Tracker.

Joint ERC proposes amendment to RPO regulations

JERC; the joint electricity regulatory commission for the state of Goa and UTs has recently proposed a draft to its principal RPO regulations of 2010. The main highlight of the amendment is the declaration of RPO targets from FY14-FY22. The targets set for the years till FY22 are as in the table below:

There were few other changes in definitions as:

1. Renewable Energy Sources – Electricity generating sources recognised or approved by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy and includes bundled power purchase (to the extent of renewable energy content in the bundled power), power generated  from cogeneration based power plants and certified by the state accredited agency. 

2. Obligated Entity – the entity mandated under clause (e) of sub-section (1) section 86 of the Act to fulfill the renewable purchase obligation under these regulations and includes distribution licensee, captive user for 1 MW and above with fossil fuel (excluding co-generation based captive power plants) and open access consumer.

3. Renewable Purchase Obligation - quantum as mandated under clause (e) of sub-section (1) of section 86 of the Act and specified under these regulations for the obligated entity to purchase electricity generated from renewable energy sources. 

 

Comments on this were invited by 23.01.2014.

The draft order on amendment can be accessed here.

Principal RPO regulations 2010 of JERC are available here.